Installing Debian Sarge on a Sata Drive

Date: 6/23/05

This article discusses how to install Debian Sarge on a sata drive. It assumes that you have a currently working Debian installation on an IDE drive in your system.

Introduction:

Host System

Soyo Dragon Platinum Plus motherboard
AMD 2600XP processor
2 IDE drives
1 Maxtor 80 gig sata drive using a VT6421 PCI controller
Via-rhine NIC PCI card
512 mb DDR RAM
Microtek SlimScan C6 USB scanner
HP LaserJet 5L printer

The final version of Debian Sarge 3.1r0a was used, using the 2.6.11-1-k7 kernel, which supports sata drives and the host controller.

Acknowledgment: This article borrows heavily from the fine article by Toshikazu Aiyama, Install debian to ICH5/R's SATA disk. 1 This article will be used i it's entirety as a reference.


Description:

Debian Sarge was already installed on my primary hard drive. I wanted to install Debian on my sata drive, but the Debian installer did not recognize the PCI controller.

The stock 2.6.8 kernel did not see the sata controller. I upgraded the kernel using apt-get, retrieving the kernel-image and kernel headers 2.6.11.-1-k7 packages, appropriate for my system. Once the new kernel was booted, the controller was recognized and I could manipulate the sata drive.

My method differed from Mr. Aiyama's, in that i already had a working Debian system that could recognize the sata drives. Steps 1-4 were bypassed and I moved on to step 5, setting up the sata drive.

The 2.6.11-1-k7 kernel saw my sata drive as sda. No problem. I just substituted sda for hde in his directions. 

Procedure;

First, I installed the  bootstrap package using apt-get.

    #apt-get install bootstrap

My sata hard drive was set up using PartitionMagic, however, Debian still did not see the partitions correctly.  My ext3 partition was on sda5 and the swap file on sda5, so;

    # mkfs.ext3 /dev/sda5

    # mkswap /dev/sda6

Moving on to mounting the sata partiton and making the /usr and /var directories on the root drive;

        # mkdir /mnt/target
        # mount /dev/sda5 /mnt/target
        # mkdir /mnt/target/usr
        # mkdir /mnt/target/var

Creating the basic Debian system (step 6);

    # debootstrap --arch i386 sarge /mnt/target \
                http://http.us.debian.org/debian

Make sure that you have the appropriate fstab set up. I used Mr. Aiyama's sample file and changed my root partition from hde to sda5

NOTE: Remember, I am working off a currently working Debian installation. So you can use the File Manager in superuser mode to edit your /etc/fstab.

Chroot to the new drive;

    #chroot /mnt/target /bin/bash

Mount the proc system

    #mount -a
    #mount /proc

Completed the 2nd stage debian basic configuration

        # /usr/sbin/base-config


Edit the /etc/network/interfaces file to match the one in my working Debian installation.

Copied my /etc/hosts file to the new install.

Copied Mr. Aiyama's sample /etc/apt/sources.list file to the base file on the new installation in /mnt/target (we will use this later on)

Complete the 2nd stage debian basic configuration

        # /usr/sbin/base-config

This will install all the base packages that you will need to get the base system going.

Installing a working kernel

At this point, you are chroot'ed to the new installation. So installing the kernel will effect changes on the new sata installation. At a terminal as root user;

    #apt-get update

    #apt-get install kernel-image-2.6.11-1-k7

    #apt-get install kernel-headers-2.6.11-1.k7 (this will assure that the kernel  headers are present when we need them later to configure the wireless LAN).

    #apt-get install grub (this installs the grub package that we will be using later on).

At this point, you should have a basic Debian installation that will allow you to boot your new Debian installation from your currently working Debian system. 

We are almost there. We now have to tell your currently working Debian installation how to boot the new one on the sata drive. We will now add the drive specification for the sata drive to your currently working Debian system.

To your  /boot/grub/device.map file, add;

    (hd2).    /dev/sda

So that in my case, I have;

    (fd0)    /dev/fd0
    (hd0)    /dev/hda
    (hd1)    /dev/hdb
    (hd2)    /dev/sda

...where hd0 is my primary master, hd1 is my primary slave and hd2 is my sata drive, as seen by Debian. The sata drive has no master/slave designation.
 
Finally, tell grub where to find your vmlinuz and initrd files on the sata drive, by adding the following (in my case);

    title Debian sata sda5
    root (hd2,4)
    kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.11.1-k7 root=/dev/sda5 ro
    initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.11-1-k7

You should now be able to boot into your new installation on the sata drive!


Page 2: Page 2: Post Installation Issues


References
:

1. Install debian to ICH5/R's SATA disk

2. No DVD/DVDRW recognized in Debian testing...